Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Edited by: Vaani Garg

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Section 7, Hindu Marriage Act States-

    1. A Hindu marriage may be solemnized in accordance with the customary rites and ceremonies of either party thereto.

    2. When such rites and ceremonies include the Saptpadi (seven steps around the holy fire), the marriage becomes complete. The ceremony and rite fall under two heads:

    (a) The Shastric ceremonies and rites as prescribed by Hindu law

    (b) The customary ceremony and rites which prevail in the caste or community to which one of the parties (or both) belongs.

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Important Shastric ceremonies are:

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    1.Kanyadan: The father of the bride or in his absence, the next guardian gives the bride formally to the bridegroom who accepts her. Then, the bride’s father invokes the bridegroom and tells him never to fail the bride to which bridegroom replies in the affirmative.

    2.Panigrahan: In this ceremony, the bridegroom takes the hand of the bride and they recite certain Vedic hymns.

    3.Vivahahoma: Then comes an important ceremony- lightning of the holy fire. The bridegroom offers obligations to the holy fire. The bride participates by grasping the hand of the bridegroom in honor of earth, sky and heaven.

    4.Saptpadi: This is the most important ceremony. Near the vivaha -mandap the bridegroom leads the bride for seven steps reciting certain hymns.

    On completion of seven steps, marriage becomes final. It is evident that in most of the Hindu marriages all the ceremonies are not performed. But the saptpadi ceremony is a mandatory ceremony for a valid Hindu marriage.

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Customary Ceremonies :

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    If a customary ceremony is prevalent on the either of the parties, its performance will be a valid Hindu marriage. The customary rites performed must be proved that they have been followed in the community from ancient times and the members of that community had recognized such customary ceremony as obligatory.

    Conclusion

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Necessary ceremonies, Shastric or customary, which are prevalent on the side of the bride or bridegroom must be performed. Otherwise, marriage will not be valid.

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act

    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act
    Marriage Ceremonies under the Hindu Marriage Act