India is a land of diversities; of different religions, cast, and sections of people, having different cultural and historical backgrounds. Every religion had its rules and regulations. Every cast and section of people have their set of beliefs. It was quite a task to unite all these people and make a nation. Hence the framers of our constitution mentioned in Article 44 that the state shall secure for all its citizens, a Uniform Civil Code. Uniform Civil Code for the Country is a law common to all communities in personal matters such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, and succession.
Uniform Civil Code has been a heated topic of debate from the British era and has existed in the country is over 180 years old, but never been implemented. It has grown to be arguably one of the longest pending matters in the legislation to be implemented especially with the growing need for gender equality and freedom. However, much caution is required by the implementing government keeping in mind the diverse interest of people with varying degrees of religious sensibilities.
B.N. Rau Committee (The Hindu Law Committee)
In 1941 of the B.N. Rau Committee (The Hindu Law Committee) took up the task to examine the question of the necessity of common Hindu laws. It had then recommended a codified Hindu law, which would give equal rights and opportunities to women keeping in mind the modern trends and outlook in the society. It comprehensively dealt with succession, Maintenance, Marriage and Divorce, Minority and Guardianship, and Adoption. All these provisions had to be broken up into separate parts, apparently to nudge through the radical changes in smaller steps, rather than as a whole scale transformation. Hence the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956, Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956, and Hindu Succession Act, 1956 was passed.
The question that, why only the Hindu Law alone was codified and why was it not codified for the entire population, remains answered to this day. Maybe the framers of the Constitution believed that the time would not be far off when other communities might also like to follow a similar path. But, it was a pious hope that did not materialize.
However, the people (Hindus in general) were unhappy as;